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Vegetative Practices

Critical Area Planting
Pasture Planting
Planting grasses and legumes to improve forage production, improve livestock nutrition, and protect the soil from erosion and improve water quality.
Planting grass or other vegetation to protect a severely eroding area from soil erosion.
Cover Crops
Cereal grains such as wheat, rye, oats, and barley are planted in the fall following the harvest of corn, soybeans, and vegetable crops.  Cover crops protect the soil from erosion and immobilize unused nitrogen from the root zone.
Riparian Buffer
Trees, shrubs or grasses planted next to waterways including rivers, streams and drainage ditches filter runoff, improve water quality, protect the soil from erosion and provide wildlife habitat.
Establishing woody plants by planting seedlings or cuttings, direct seeding, or natural regeneration.

Structural Practices

Grade Control Structure
Grassed Waterway
A long earthen embankment built across the slope to redirect runoff
Earthen, wooden, concrete or other structure built across a drainageway to control and reduce  water flow.
Shaping and establishing grass in a natural drainageway to prevent gullies from forming and control soil erosion.
Heavy Use Area Protection
Livestock Watering System
Manure Storage Structure
Stabilizing areas that are disturbed because of frequent and intensive use by livestock or farm equipment.
A system of troughs and water lines to provide livestock with water from a spring, pond, or well
These structures are used to store manure produced by livestock until conditions are right for field application or transport off the farm.
Roof Runoff System
Water Control Structure
A system for collecting, controlling and discharging runoff water from non-residential farm buildings. 
A constructed barrier to livestock, wildlife or people.
A structure in a water management system that conveys water, controls the direction or rate of flow, maintains a desired water surface elevation or measures water.

Management Practices

Contour Farming
Crop Residue Management
Crop Rotation
Tillage, planting and other farming practices performed on or near the contour of the field (not up and down the hill)
Leaving residue from the previous crop on the soil surface for a specific period of time by reducing tillage.
Changing the crops grown in a field on a regular basis
Integrated Pest Management
Nutrient Management
Rotational Grazing
Evaluating and using a tailored pest managment system to reduce crop and environmental damage. A range of management strategies is used only if pests reach threatening levels or begin to cause serious crop or plant damage .
Nutrient Management planning is a series of best managment pratices aimed at reducing nutrient pollution by balancing nutrient inputs with crop requirements.
Managing pasture grazing by moving livestock from one area to another at the proper time to maintain high quality forage.
Structural Practices
Management Practices
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